Notes are to be used when the writer is referencing any ideas or text that did not come from his or her own mind there are two types of notes that can be used in a chicago style paper: footnotes or endnotes footnotes are notes that are cited at the bottom—footer part—of the page on the other hand, endnotes are notes. If you already know which system to use, follow one of the links above to see sample citations for a variety of common sources in this system, sources are cited in numbered footnotes or endnotes aside from the use of numbered notes versus parenthetical references in the text, the two systems share a similar style. How to format a chicago-style paper your teachers expect it is easiest if you use the correct settings from the beginning otherwise you will have to go back and reformat your paper footnotes go at the bottom of the page where the reference occurs endnotes go on a separate page after the body of the paper both use. The style of chicago/turabian we use requires footnotes rather than in-text or parenthetical citations footnotes or endnotes acknowledge which parts of their paper reference particular sources generally, you want to provide the author's name, publication title, publication information, date of publication, and page. This handout helps students' format research papers in chicago style always keep in make sure to use times new roman at font size 11 eg 2 footnote citation the footnote indicator goes after the punctuation or clause in the text references tab→ insert footnote open paragraph dialog box. Use chicago-style citation, but be sure to check with your instructor about which method (chicago, mla apa, or something else) kate l turabian's a manual for writers of research papers, theses, and dissertations when in doubt single-space footnotes and the bibliography, but leave a blank line between entries.
You use and the general research you consulted although it is possible to use parenthetical citations in chicago style (see page 5), the primary citation method uses footnotes on each page to immediately cite sources this method includes a collection of all your sources in a bibliography at the end of the paper. There's no in-text citations in chicago style you'll use footnotes here's how to add footnotes in word 2013: place your cursor where you've quoted or paraphrased a source in the reference tab, choose insert footnote (see picture) a number will appear at the bottom of the page here is an example of. Although ideally you will cite more than one source in your research paper, there are times when a single source dominates, and you find yourself referring teachers who want you to use ibid will explain how, or you can read about it in the notes and bibliography chapter of the chicago manual of style.
Although various styles exist for formatting papers and documenting research, you may be expected to use the chicago manual of style (chicago, or cms) if you are writing a paper for a history class or certain chicago normally uses either footnotes or endnotes to document borrowed material, whether it is quoted or. For in-text citations, the cmos manual lays out both a parenthetical author-date format like those of apa and apsa and a numbered footnote format, which is often preferred in you can also find helpful models for citing electronic sources in father francis paul prucha's research papers in history, 5th ed.
[sample of a paper using footnotes] james henry breasted: pioneer in the study of ancient egyptian history ima soporific prof piccione history 103002 november 25, 2002. Footnotes or endnotes are used to provide additional information that supplements the main text (footnotes appear at the bottom of the page, while endnotes appear at the end of the text or document) music history and theory ( which follow the chicago manual of style) normally use footnotes in research papers music. Chicago manual of style (cms) how to incorporate the ideas of others into your papers a direct page (footnotes) or at the end of the paper (endnotes) you should limit your use of direct quotations, using them only to capture authenticity or impact of the original source direct quotes should be introduced with enough.
A footnote is a reference, explanation, or a comment that is placed below the main text on a printed page in research papers and reports, footnotes commonly acknowledge the sources of facts and quotations that appear in the text footnotes are the sources chicago manual of style, university of chicago press, 2003. Traditionally, disciplines in the humanities (art, history, music, religion, theology) require the use of bibliographic footnotes or endnotes in conjunction with a bibliography to cite sources used in research papers and dissertations for the parenthetical reference (author-date) system (commonly used in the sciences and social. Kate l turabian's manual for writers of research papers, theses, and dissertations presents two basic documentation systems: notes-bibliography style (or simply bibliography style) and author-date style aside from the use of notes versus parenthetical references in the text, the two systems share a similar style.